Išradimas skirtas vandenilio energetikos technologijoms ir konkrečiai vandenilio saugojimo metalų hidriduose būdams. Šio išradimo būdas besiskiria tuo, kad hidrinamą medžiagą pirmiausia padengia plona 10-100 nm storio Ni danga, po to patalpina ją į aktyvavimo/hidrinimo kamerą, atsiurbia aktyvavimo/hidrinimo kamerą iki 10-2 Pa ir geresnio vakuumo,  paduoda Ar ar Ar+H2 mišinį, kur vandenilio dalis mišinyje sudaro nuo 0 iki 99%, ir inicijuoja Ar+H2 plazmą, hidrinamos medžiagos paviršiuje suformuoja Ni nanokatalizatorių klasterius, paduoda keliasdešimties bar slėgio vandenilį ir pakelia temperatūrą hidrinimo kameroje iki kelių šimtų laipsnių Celsijaus, vandenilio molekules, sąveikoje su Ni nanokatalizatoriais suskilusias į vandenilio atomus, transportuoja tarpkristalinėmis ribomis nuo aktyvuoto hidrinamos medžiagos paviršiaus į tūrį ir gretimų vandenilio atomų tarpusavio sąveikos dėka suformuoja metalo hidridą.

Patentas

The aim of this method is to propose a novel technology for metals and their alloys hydrogenation which combines the above-mentioned methods (1-4) and does not require using expensive catalysts (Pt and Pd) in the process of metal hydride synthesis. Furthermore, due to the synergetic combination of surface activation and high hydrogen pressure in a single device, a notably more efficient hydrogenation process may be achieved. The use of the proposed method enables forming hydrides of metals and their alloys up to ten times faster than using conventional methods.

This method is different from others because, at first, the hydrogen storage material (metals and their alloys) is covered with a thin 10-100 nm thick Ni layer and placed into an activation/hydrogenation chamber which is evacuated down to 10-2 Pa or lower vacuum. The chamber is filled with Ar or Ar+H2 gas mixture (possible hydrogen concentration is 0-99%) up to 0.1-15 Pa and Ar+H2 plasma is initiated. Next, Ni nanocatalyst clusters are formed on the surface of the hydrogenated material. After formation of Ni nanocatalytic particles the pressure must be switched from low vacuum (0.1-15 Pa) to high (10-300 bar) pressure without samples extraction to air and the temperature in the chamber are raised to up to several hundreds of degrees Celsius. Finally, hydrogen molecules, split into hydrogen atoms because of the interaction with Ni nanocatalysts, are transported from the activated surface of the hydrogenated material to the bulk through the grain boundaries, and a metal hydride is formed due to the interaction between neighbouring hydrogen atoms.

Patent

UAB Inovatas yra pumpurinė (angl. spin-off) įmonė įkurta Vandenilio energetikos technologijų centre (VETC) Lietuvos energetikos institute. Pagrindinis mūsų tikslas – komercinti VETC kuriamas technologijas, licencijuojant arba kuriant patentuotus produktus.

Mes taip pat dalyvaujame aukštųjų technologijų mokslinių tyrimų projektuose susijusiuose su įvairių medžiagų dangų formavimu, kurios pasižymi geresnėmis eksploatacinėmis savybėmis įvairiose aplinkose. Formuojamos tiek plonos, tiek storos dangos galinčios pakeisti medžiagų mechanines, chemines ir optines savybes. Mechaninės savybės apima trintį, dėvėjimąsi ir kietumą; cheminės – adsorbciją, koroziją ir oksidaciją. Pagrinde, tokios dangos gali būti taikomos sintetinant medžiagas skirtas vandenilio saugojimui, jo gavybai ar elektrolito formavimui kieto oksido kuro elementuose.

Norint gauti reikiamą medžiagų kompoziciją, mikro struktūrą, adheziją bei atitinkamus vidinius įtempius naudojami pažangūs dangų formavimo metodai – magnetroninis nusodinimas, aktyvuotas reaktyvusis garinimas ir plazmos panardinimo jonų implantacija.

Paskutiniai vykdyti projektai yra susiję su nanostruktūrinių medžiagų sinteze panaudojant fizikines nusodinimo iš garų fazės technologijas.

Taip pat ypatingas dėmesys skiriamas ir kitiems plazminiams procesams: nusodinimas jonų pluošto pagalba, medžiagų sintezė žemos temperatūros plazmoje, metalų ir jų lydinių paviršinių savybių modifikavimas naudojant didelio srauto, mažos energijos jonų (azoto, deguonies ir vandenilio) apšvitą, kurios metu atitinkamai pagal poreikį vyksta azotavimo, oksidavimo ir hidrinimo procesai.

INOVATAS, JSC established as Spin-off Company of Centre for Hydrogen Energy Technologies (CHET) at Lithuanian Energy Institute (http://www.lei.lt/main.php?m=262&k=9 ). Our main goal is to commercialize developed technologies at CHET by licensing or establishing production of patented materials or equipment.

We also jointly involved in research projects which aims to satisfy the increasing requirements for high technology coating materials with improved performance characteristics in various types of environments. The scope includes thin and thick coatings to alter the mechanical, chemical and optical properties of materials. Mechanical properties include friction, wear and hardness; chemical properties include adsorption, corrosion and oxidation. Emphasis is placed on the emerging application of coating materials for hydrogen storage, production and electrolytes for solid oxide fuel cells.

The advanced processes such as magnetron sputter deposition, activated reactive evaporation, ions plating and plasma immersion ion implantation are employed to obtain needed composition, microstructure, adhesion and internal stresses corresponding to the specific applications. The recent projects are related to the fabrication of nanostructure materials employing physical vapor deposition technologies.

Of emphasis are the emerging advanced processes as ion beam assisted deposition, plasma enhanced low-temperature synthesis and the modification of near-surface properties of metals and alloys under high-flux, low-energy ions (nitrogen, oxygen and hydrogen) irradiation at moderate temperature, so called processes of nitriding, oxidation and hydrogenation.

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Inovatas
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Innovating Technologies

Copyrights

The aim of this method is to propose a novel technology for metals and their alloys hydrogenation which combines the above-mentioned methods (1-4) and does not require using expensive catalysts...
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METHOD FOR SYNTHESIS OF γ-ALUMINIUM OXIDE USING PLASMA - MODIFIED ALUMINIUM AND WATER REACTION

The present invention relates generally to a method for synthesis of high-specific-surface-area γ-aluminium oxide.

METHOD OF NANOCRYSTALLINE CLUSTER FORMATION ON WATER SOLUBLE MATERIALS BY USING MAGNETRON SPUTTERING

The invention describes a method of nanocrystalline metal cluster (e.g. Nickel) formation on water-soluble materials by using magnetron sputtering.

METHOD OF IMPROVEMENT OF EXPANDED POLYSTYRENE (EPS) BULK PROPERTIES BY USING OXIDE BASED NANOMATERIALS

The present invention provides new technological solution in order to improve working characteristics of expanded polystyrene (EPS) foam.

METHOD OF POLYMERIC MATERIAL SURFACE PROTECTION USING NANOCRYSTALLINE OXIDE COATINGS

The present invention provides new technological solution in order to protect surfaces of polymer materials against environmental impact.

Projects

This scientific research results commercialization project is conducted within the framework programme for High-technology development 2011-2013 and is managed by the Agency for Science, innovations and technologies. Project No 31V-137.
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The objective of this project is to conduct the initial certification actions for the invention: to submit international patent proposal and to pay the search fee.
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Darius Milčius

Darius Milčius

PhD.
Dr. Darius Milcius is Head of Center for Hydrogen Energy Technologies and senior researcher at UAB Inovatas. Since 2001 he is expert of Tasks 17-32 of The International Energy Agency Hydrogen Implementing Agreement (IEA HIA). Read More
Šarūnas Varnagiris

Šarūnas Varnagiris

PhD
PhD S. Varnagiris is a senior researcher at Center for Hydrogen Energy Technologies and UAB Inovatas, managing director at hydrogen energy association and lecturer at Vytautas Magnus University. Sarunas is also member of Lithuanian young scientists union.
Dr. Marius Urbonavicius

Dr. Marius Urbonavicius

Researcher
Dr. Marius Urbonavicius is a researcher at the Center for Hydrogen Energy Technologies and UAB Inovatas. Since 2018 Marius also works as an innovation manager at R&D and Innovation transfer unit of Lithuanian Energy Institute.
Irma Kamarauskienė

Irma Kamarauskienė

Finance manager